Biomass is a form of biological material from life, or more recently, living organisms; mostly plants or plant-based materials. Considered a renewable energy source, biomass energy can be used directly, indirectly once or converted into another form of energy such as biofuel. Biomass can be converted to energy in three ways: thermal conversion, chemical conversion, and biochemical conversion.
Currently in the world, biomass energy is the fourth energy source, accounting for 15% of the total world energy consumption. In developing countries, biomass energy is often the largest source of energy, accounting for 35-45% of total energy supply. It is no exaggeration to say that biomass energy plays a vital role in meeting the energy needs of the world as well as in Vietnam.
Vietnam has favorable natural conditions such as hot, humid, rainy, fertile soil... so biomass grows very quickly. Therefore, the source of by-products from agriculture and forestry is abundant and continuously increasing. However, those by-products are being considered as natural waste and being wasted; more dangerously, it is becoming the cause of environmental pollution such as burning forests, straw, and sawdust in the North, or dumping rice husks into rivers and canals in the Mekong Delta...
Biomass energy has a short cycle, and is recommended for use by environmental and sustainability organizations. Taking advantage of this fuel source will simultaneously provide energy for economic development and ensure environmental protection.
The potential of biomass energy in Vietnam is considered to be very diverse with considerably large reserves. According to calculations by the Vietnam Institute of Energy, the total biomass
source is about 118 million tons/year, including about 40 million tons of rice straw, 8 million tons of rice husk, 6 million tons of bagasse and over 50 million tons of coffee husks and shells. beans, wood waste...
The main source of biomass in Vietnam is wood and plant by-products, including natural forests, planted forests, scattered trees, industrial and fruit trees, and industrial wood waste.
That is the reason why Gia Dinh internationally cooperate with SEP Group, as:
The Korean Government sponsors the Carbon Neutralizing (Net-Zero) From Burning Garbage Smoke Treatment System, as well as the Wastewater Treatment System from industry and daily life in the provinces of Vietnam.
Burning plant-derived biomass emits CO2, but it is still classified as a renewable energy source within the legal framework of the European Union and the United Nations because photosynthesis cycles CO2 back to the new planting. In some cases, this recycling of CO2 from plants into the atmosphere and back to plants can even be CO2 negative, since a relatively large portion of CO2 is transferred to the soil during each cycle.
Biomass processing has increased in coal power plants, as it can emit less CO2 without the expense of building new infrastructure.